NISHAPUR, town in Khurasan, N.E. persia . Jewish settlement here allegedly dates from the time of the early Diaspora. According to the 12th-century Jewish traveler benjamin of tudela , the district of Nishapur was inhabited by descendants of the Jewish tribes Dan, Zebulun, Naphtali, and Asher. They were united under a Jewish prince named R. Joseph Amarkala ha-Levi, and were engaged in agriculture and warfare in alliance with the "infidel Turks." There were some scholars among them. In 11th-century fragments from the cairo genizah , mention is made of an Isaac Nishapuri, an Egyptian silk merchant who settled in alexandria . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Asher (ed. and tr.), Itinerary of R. Benjamin of Tudela (1840), 83, 85. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: EIS2 8 (1995), 62–64. (Walter Joseph Fischel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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